Shared Preferences, Preference Fragment & transparent Navbar

PreferenceActivity is deprecated now but it’s a really nice new solution to manage your preferences. I’m gonna show you a simple implementation of PreferenceFragment, how to use it in Activity which you’d like to make a Preference Page and how to get values in your app. Example is about saving booleans and making preference fields clickable to call a method. Obviously you can put a wide variety of preference fields and it will work out of the box. PreferenceFragment makes everything easier, automated and it’s great.

When I started to learn about creating Android Apps, PreferenceActivity was already deprecated so I had an opportunity to learn something up to date. I really recommend that way of making a preference page. It’s more adjustable and complex solution. First thing to do is to create a preference layout. You can notice it’s located in xml directory while all normal layouts are in layout directory. Well, it’s somehow special and deserves its own location. You don’t have one? Just create the directory in your resources.

I assume you are creating the app using Android Studio. Edit your build.gradle configuration file. While creating this example I used Minimum SDK 14 (Ice Cream Sandwich). Make sure you are using the same value as well to avoid possible errors. PreferenceFragment may not be present in older versions of Android SDK. I’m not sure when it was actually introduced but it’s not so important.

Now a bit of real coding. Create a new class and put the code in there. It will create SettingsFragment which you can use later to display a preference page in an Activity of your choice.

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An advanced WebView with some cool features

I was angry with the official Facebook app for Android. It’s really heavy and I don’t mean the size of the package which is not actually a problem. The problem is that Facebook Mobile uses a lot of RAM and battery drain is not acceptable for me. That’s why I always prefered to use a mobile website rather than the official app.

When I started getting to know Android programming I decided to create an app which could help people using Facebook website. I wanted to have some cool Android features like pull to refresh and drawer layout. I did some research and found something needed to create a Web App. WebView allows you to use Android browser (Chromium) inside your app. It can support Java Script and it has actually all the features present in Google Chrome. So how to implement a simple WebView in you app? How to build something more advanced? I’m gonna show you right now.

First add INTERNET permission to your Manifest and add WebView to your layout xml file.

Now short piece of code to your Activity.

As you noticed I used a new WebView Client to have a possibility to customize the WebView.

As a result I achieved a simple implementation of a WebView. But it’s not enough to have for example file upload support (including a possibility to take pictures with your camera) while using online and local forms. And what about Java Script support and error handling? A Progress Bar would be also nice. I spent some time looking for all the solutions implemented below but it is worth the result.

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